Compilation of Links for
Coronavirus in USA
Copyright 2020 by Ronald B. Standler
Table of Contents
websites of U.S. Government
New Hampshire state government
Massachusetts state government
hospitals & clinics
websites of news media
World Health Organization
First, a disclaimer: I am not a physician.
My educational background is in physics (Ph.D. 1977).
I earned a law degree and I am licensed to practice law in Massachusetts since 1998,
although I do not practice in the area of health law. But since 1971,
I have occasionally done searches of medical literature for my scholarly research
Sometime in mid-November 2019, a new pneumonia originated in Wuhan, China.
The Chinese government concealed the new disease until the end of December 2019.
On 8 January 2020. the Chinese government announced that the cause of this new
disease is a coronavirus. The World Health Organization uses the name COVID-19
to refer to the disease caused by this novel coronavirus.
COVID-19 kills a few percent of victims who are either elderly (i.e., age over 70 years),
immunocompromised (e.g., cancer chemotherapy or AIDS), pulmonary disease (e.g., asthma, COPD),
cardiac disease, or diabetes. A combination of two or more risk factors
in one coronavirus patient increases the chance of death.
COVID-19 can be transmitted in two ways:
The first way of transmitting COVID-19 is why health experts recommend
at least six feet (i.e., two meters) of space between adjacent people,
called "social distancing".
The second way is why health professionals recommend both frequent hand washing,
and not touching fingers to one's face. (If soap and water are not available for
washing hands, then use a
that contains at least 60% alcohol.)
These recommendations will also help prevent spread of influenza viruses and
rhinoviruses, in addition to helping slow the spread of COVID-19.
- breathing droplets ejected by an infected person who coughs or sneezes.
- touching an infected surface. The virus can remain viable for hours
on metal or plastic surfaces. (See unpublished 9 March 2020
Because there is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus infection,
and because asymptomatic infected people can shed virus that will infect other
people, it is critically important that everyone stay at home as much as possible
until the epidemic subsides. Another way of saying "stay at home" is to
avoid large groups of people, e.g., workplaces, restaurants, theaters,
churches, schools and universities, airports, cruise ships,
sporting events, concerts, conferences, conventions, exhibitions,
political rallies, festivals, parades, weddings, etc.
The first death from coronavirus in the USA was on 6 February 2020.
Three months later, on 6 May, the CDC official death toll was 73,297.
This webpage contains my collection of links to resources on COVID-19.
It is absolutely imperative that we quickly stop the COVID-19 epidemic,
before hospitals are overwhelmed and medical supplies are exhausted.
Other important information:
- On 16 March 2020, the White House announced a voluntary stay-at-home policy
in an attempt to slow the spread of the coronavirus.
The posted Guidelines say:
- Work or engage in schooling from home whenever possible.
- Avoid social gatherings in groups of more than 10 people.
- Avoid eating or drinking at bars, restaurants, and food courts —
use drive-thru, pickup, or delivery options.
- Avoid discretionary travel, shopping trips, and social visits.
- Do not visit nursing homes, retirement facilities, or long-term care facilities,
unless to provide critical assistance.
- Practice good hygiene:
- wash your hands
- avoid touching your face
- sneeze or cough into a tissue
- disinfect frequently used items and surfaces
- "Coronavirus Guidelines: 15 Days to Slow the Spread,"
16 March 2020.
- A two-page document at the White House website on 2 April contains the
following Guidelines for helping to slow the spread of coronavirus:
- Listen and follow all directions from your state and local authorities.
- Avoid social gatherings, especially those with more than 10 people.
- Practice strict personal hygiene. Wash your hands and avoid touching your face.
Sneeze or cough into a tissue or the inside of your elbow.
- Use pickup or delivery options instead of eating at restaurants or bars.
- Work from home if at all possible. Do not go to work if you feel sick.
- If someone in your household tests positive for Coronavirus, keep the entire family at home and contact your medical provider.
- "These 30 Days: How You Can Help,"
2 April 2020.
- On 3 April 2020, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommended that
everyone wear a cloth face mask when outside their home. The CDC
has a webpage on how to
The CDC has a webpage on how to sew a face mask.
Other instructions for sewing a face mask are at:
Deaconess Hospital, The
Washington Post, and
- On 27 April 2020, the CDC published a list of seven
of COVID-19 that was updated on 8 May 2020:
- Shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing,
- Muscle pain,
- Sore throat,
- Recent loss of taste or smell.
On 30 April 2020, Trump allowed the voluntary federal guidelines to expire.
So how do you avoid infection with the coronavirus?
And, if you are infected but asymptomatic, how do you avoid infecting innocent people?
The answers to both questions are continue the 16 March White House Guidelines —
measures recommended by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) — especially:
You can protect yourself (and others) by continuing to use the now expired guidelines
from the White House's Coronavirus Task Force.
You do not need Trump's approval to protect yourself.
- stay at home as much as possible
- always wear a face mask when outside your home
- avoid groups of more than 10 people
- "social distancing": stay at least 6 feet (two meters) from other people
- do not touch mouth, eyes, or nose with unwashed hands
- wash hands with soap and water, especially when returning home from a public place
R. Standler, Ph.D.
created 24 March 2020
U.S. Government websites
coronavirus.gov main webpage for citizens
- Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
coronavirus main webpage
- official number of cases and deaths from coronavirus in the USA
of COVID-19 activity, issued on Friday afternoon, beginning 4 April 2020.
The CDC also has a webpage with similar weekly information on
- FAQ (frequently asked questions) on coronavirus
- CDC latest news releases
- Information for Healthcare Professionals about COVID-19
- Guidance for Travelers about COVID-19
- CDC's instructions for how to
a face mask.
- CDC plan
"Get & Keep America Open", announced 17 April 2020.
- Interim Guidance for
employees, published on 20 April 2020.
- CDC collection of
documents for mitigating coronavirus, first posted 14 May 2020. Also see
- CDC's 60-page
— titled "CDC Activities and Initiatives Supporting the COVID-19 Response and the President's Plan for Opening America Up Again" —
posted 17 May 2020. after censorship by White House. You can find 27 pages of the original, uncensored draft at The
New York Times.
On 13 May, CNN linked to a 63-page color
- CDC's tips
for staying safe when outside of your home, issued 12 June 2020.
Includes advice for (1) banking, (2) dining at a restaurant,
(3) hosting gatherings or cook-outs, (4) gyms, (5) libraries,
(6) hotels overnight.
- National Institutes of Health (NIH)
resources and news releases
- National Library of Medicine
free search of medical literature
- LitCovid, subset of PubMed for coronavirus
- National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases
- New Hampshire state government webpage on
- Governor Sununu's
on coronavirus, beginning 13 March 2020.
- NH Health & Human Services (DHHS)
- NH DHHS Health Alert Messages,
beginning 21 January 2020
- Massachusetts Department of Public Health webpage on
- official number of cases of coronavirus in Massachusetts
- COVID-19 Guidance and Directives
- COVID-19 Prevention and Treatment
- FAQ (frequently asked questions on COVID-19)
- press releases related to COVID-19
- Governor Baker's Orders on Coronavirus:
to Respond to COVID-19, 10 March 2020.
- 23 March Order
closing nonessential businesses and services, and prohibiting indoor gatherings of more than 10 people.
Definition of nonessential.
orders on coronavirus, including recent items.
- Massachusetts state courts
response to COVID-19.
- Coronavirus in Boston from
Boston Public Health Commission.
Hospitals & Clinics
Information on COVID-19, including policies for patients and visitors.
Concord Hospital in New Hampshire
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Clinic in Lebanon, NH and Concord, NH
Elliot Hospital in Manchester, NH
Beth-Israel & Lahey Hospitals
Brigham & Women's Hospital in Boston
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston
Emerson Hospital in Concord, Massachusetts
Harvard Medical School
Harvard University School of Public Health,
Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics.
Prof. Marc Lipsitch does modeling of the spread of coronavirus.
Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston
Univ. Massachusetts Medical Center in Worcester, Massachusetts.
- Columbia University Medical Center in New York City.
- Columbia Univ. Mailman School of Public Health COVID-19,
including modeling by Prof. Jeffrey Shaman.
- Imperial College in London England,
MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis,
including modeling by Prof. Neil Ferguson (referenced by Dr. Birx at
the White House Coronavirus Task Force).
- Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center in Baltimore, Maryland
- Center for Health Security at Johns Hopkins Univ.
- Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota
- COVID-19 disease
- appointment and visitor restrictions
- New York-Presbyterian Hospital in New York City
- Stanford Health Care in Palo Alto, California
- Stanford Medical School
- Stanford University health alert about COVID-19
- Univ. of California at San Francisco COVID-19 Clinical Resources
- University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle
- Dr. Christopher Murray, Director of the Institute for Health Metrics and
Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington's School of Medicine, has done
of the spread of coronavirus. His models were referenced by Dr. Birx at
the White House Coronavirus Task Force.
- Associated Press recent coronavirus news (past two days)
- AP articles on understanding the coronavirus epidemic
- The Washington Post coronavirus webpage
- Beginning 25 January 2020, The Washington Post began publishing a daily
summary of news about the corona virus epidemic. Here is a link to the summary for
You can edit the 03/24 in your webbrowser's URL bar to specify a different month or day.
- The Washington Post has been visiting the 50 state health agency
websites every day and totaling the number of cases and number of deaths,
to report in The Post's daily summary and also at
number of deaths.
to the free Washington Post newsletter on coronavirus.
- The New York Times homepage
- Beginning 28 January 2020, The New York Times began publishing a daily
summary of news about the corona virus epidemic. Sadly, The Times continues to
change words in the URL of its daily summary, which frustrates attempts to create
a link that can be easily modified to use in the future.
- New York Times count of number of
cases & deaths in the USA.
- New York Times coronavirus
webpage with links to recent news articles and subscription to their free coronavirus newsletter.
- Boston Globe coronavirus special report.
- Cable News Network (CNN) homepage.
- number of cases and deaths in USA
is a respected online news service about politics in the USA and Europe.
World Health Organization
Although this webpage links to coronavirus resources in the USA,
readers may also find useful the
World Health Organization
(WHO) webpage on coronavirus. Beginning on 21 January 2020, the WHO issued daily
on the novel coronavirus pandemic.
Copyright 2020 by Ronald B. Standler
This document is at
created 24 March 2020, revised 14 June 2020
Return to Standler's personal homepage.