Compilation of Links for
Coronavirus in USA

Copyright 2020 by Ronald B. Standler

Table of Contents

Introduction
websites of U.S. Government
New Hampshire state government
Massachusetts state government
hospitals & clinics
websites of news media
World Health Organization

Introduction

First, a disclaimer: I am not a physician. My educational background is in physics (Ph.D. 1977). I earned a law degree and I am licensed to practice law in Massachusetts since 1998, although I do not practice in the area of health law. But since 1971, I have occasionally done searches of medical literature for my scholarly research projects.

Sometime in mid-November 2019, a new pneumonia originated in Wuhan, China. The Chinese government concealed the new disease until the end of December 2019. On 8 January 2020. the Chinese government announced that the cause of this new disease is a coronavirus. The World Health Organization uses the name COVID-19 to refer to the disease caused by this novel coronavirus.

COVID-19 kills a few percent of victims who are either elderly (i.e., age over 70 years), immunocompromised (e.g., cancer chemotherapy or AIDS), pulmonary disease (e.g., asthma, COPD), cardiac disease, or diabetes. A combination of two or more risk factors in one coronavirus patient increases the chance of death.

COVID-19 can be transmitted in two ways:
  1. breathing droplets ejected by an infected person who coughs or sneezes.

  2. touching an infected surface. The virus can remain viable for hours on metal or plastic surfaces. (See unpublished 9 March 2020 study.)
The first way of transmitting COVID-19 is why health experts recommend at least six feet (i.e., two meters) of space between adjacent people, called "social distancing". The second way is why health professionals recommend both frequent hand washing, and not touching fingers to one's face. (If soap and water are not available for washing hands, then use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.) These recommendations will also help prevent spread of influenza viruses and rhinoviruses, in addition to helping slow the spread of COVID-19.

Because there is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus infection, and because asymptomatic infected people can shed virus that will infect other people, it is critically important that everyone stay at home as much as possible until the epidemic subsides. Another way of saying "stay at home" is to avoid large groups of people, e.g., workplaces, restaurants, theaters, churches, schools and universities, airports, cruise ships, sporting events, concerts, conferences, conventions, exhibitions, political rallies, festivals, parades, weddings, etc.

The first death from coronavirus in the USA was on 6 February 2020. Three months later, on 6 May, the CDC official death toll was 73,297.

This webpage contains my collection of links to resources on COVID-19. It is absolutely imperative that we quickly stop the COVID-19 epidemic, before hospitals are overwhelmed and medical supplies are exhausted.

On 16 March 2020, the White House announced a voluntary stay-at-home policy in an attempt to slow the spread of the coronavirus. The posted Guidelines say:
"Coronavirus Guidelines: 15 Days to Slow the Spread," White House, 16 March 2020.

A two-page document at the White House website on 2 April contains the following Guidelines for helping to slow the spread of coronavirus:
"These 30 Days: How You Can Help," White House, 2 April 2020.
Other important information:

On 30 April 2020, Trump allowed the voluntary federal guidelines to expire. So how do you avoid infection with the coronavirus? And, if you are infected but asymptomatic, how do you avoid infecting innocent people? The answers to both questions are continue the 16 March White House Guidelines — and the mitigation measures recommended by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) — especially:
  1. stay at home as much as possible
  2. always wear a face mask when outside your home
  3. avoid groups of more than 10 people
  4. "social distancing": stay at least 6 feet (two meters) from other people
  5. do not touch mouth, eyes, or nose with unwashed hands
  6. wash hands with soap and water, especially when returning home from a public place

R. Standler, Ph.D.
24 March 2020

U.S. Government websites

coronavirus.gov  main webpage for citizens
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) coronavirus main webpage

official number of cases and deaths from coronavirus in the USA

CDC weekly summary of COVID-19 activity, issued on Friday afternoon, beginning 4 April 2020. PDF file.   The CDC also has a webpage with similar weekly information on influenza.

FAQ (frequently asked questions) on coronavirus

CDC latest news releases

Information for Healthcare Professionals about COVID-19

Guidance for Travelers about COVID-19

CDC's instructions for how to sew a face mask.

CDC plan "Get & Keep America Open", announced 17 April 2020.

Interim Guidance for critical infrastructure employees, published on 20 April 2020.

CDC collection of Guidance documents for mitigating coronavirus, first posted 14 May 2020.   Also see key resources.

CDC's 60-page document — titled "CDC Activities and Initiatives Supporting the COVID-19 Response and the President's Plan for Opening America Up Again" — posted 17 May 2020. after censorship by White House.   You can find 27 pages of the original, uncensored draft at The New York Times.

National Institutes of Health (NIH) Coronavirus resources and news releases

National Library of Medicine PubMed, free search of medical literature
      LitCovid, subset of PubMed for coronavirus

National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases Coronavirus news releases

New Hampshire

New Hampshire state government webpage on coronavirus

Governor Sununu's Executive Orders on coronavirus, beginning 13 March 2020.

NH Health & Human Services (DHHS)
NH DHHS Health Alert Messages, beginning 21 January 2020

Massachusetts

Massachusetts Department of Public Health webpage on Coronavirus
official number of cases of coronavirus in Massachusetts
COVID-19 Guidance and Directives
COVID-19 Prevention and Treatment
FAQ (frequently asked questions on COVID-19)
press releases related to COVID-19

Governor Baker's Orders on Coronavirus:
  1. State-of-Emergency to Respond to COVID-19, 10 March 2020.

  2. 23 March Order closing nonessential businesses and services, and prohibiting indoor gatherings of more than 10 people.   Definition of nonessential.

  3. Other orders on coronavirus, including recent items.

Massachusetts state courts response to COVID-19.

Coronavirus in Boston from Boston Public Health Commission.

Hospitals & Clinics

Information on COVID-19, including policies for patients and visitors.

New Hampshire

Concord Hospital in New Hampshire

Dartmouth-Hitchcock Clinic in Lebanon, NH and Concord, NH

Elliot Hospital in Manchester, NH

Massachusetts

Beth-Israel & Lahey Hospitals

Brigham & Women's Hospital in Boston

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston

Emerson Hospital in Concord, Massachusetts

Harvard Medical School

Harvard University School of Public Health, Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics. Prof. Marc Lipsitch does modeling of the spread of coronavirus.

Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston

Univ. Massachusetts Medical Center in Worcester, Massachusetts.

Other States

Columbia University Medical Center in New York City.
Columbia Univ. Mailman School of Public Health COVID-19, including modeling by Prof. Jeffrey Shaman.

Imperial College in London England, MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis, COVID-19 Reports, including modeling by Prof. Neil Ferguson (referenced by Dr. Birx at the White House Coronavirus Task Force).

Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center in Baltimore, Maryland
Center for Health Security at Johns Hopkins Univ.

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota
COVID-19 disease
FAQ
appointment and visitor restrictions

New York-Presbyterian Hospital in New York City

Stanford Health Care in Palo Alto, California
Stanford Medical School
Stanford University health alert about COVID-19

Univ. of California at San Francisco COVID-19 Clinical Resources

University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle
Dr. Christopher Murray, Director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington's School of Medicine, has done models of the spread of coronavirus. His models were referenced by Dr. Birx at the White House Coronavirus Task Force.

News Media

Associated Press recent coronavirus news (past two days)
AP articles on understanding the coronavirus epidemic

The Washington Post coronavirus webpage
Beginning 25 January 2020, The Washington Post began publishing a daily summary of news about the corona virus epidemic. Here is a link to the summary for 24 March. You can edit the 03/24 in your webbrowser's URL bar to specify a different month or day.

The Washington Post has been visiting the 50 state health agency websites every day and totaling the number of cases and number of deaths, to report in The Post's daily summary and also at number of deaths.

Subscribe to the free Washington Post newsletter on coronavirus.

The New York Times homepage
Beginning 28 January 2020, The New York Times began publishing a daily summary of news about the corona virus epidemic. Sadly, The Times continues to change words in the URL of its daily summary, which frustrates attempts to create a link that can be easily modified to use in the future.

New York Times count of number of cases & deaths in the USA.

New York Times coronavirus webpage with links to recent news articles and subscription to their free coronavirus newsletter.

Boston Globe coronavirus special report.

Cable News Network (CNN) homepage.
number of cases and deaths in USA

Politico is a respected online news service about politics in the USA and Europe.

World Health Organization

Although this webpage links to coronavirus resources in the USA, readers may also find useful the World Health Organization (WHO) webpage on coronavirus. Beginning on 21 January 2020, the WHO issued daily situation reports on the novel coronavirus pandemic.

Copyright 2020 by Ronald B. Standler

This document is at   http://www.rbs0.com/COVID19.htm
created 24 March 2020, revised 20 May 2020

Return to Standler's personal homepage.